British Indian Ocean Territory

The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) lies about 1,770km east of Mahe (the main island of Seychelles). The territory, an archipelago of 58 islands, covers some 640,000 sq km of ocean. The islands have a land area of only 60 sq km and 698km of coastline. Diego Garcia, the largest and most southerly island, is 44 sq km. The climate is hot, humid, and moderated by trade winds. The terrain is flat and low and most areas do not exceed two meters in elevation.