30th Anniversary of Environmental Protocol: Emperor Penguins - 2021 Bi-metal £1 Coin - BAT
- 2021 Bi-Metal coin commemorating the 30th anniversary of Environmental Protection in Antarctica
- 2nd coin in a 2 coin series
- Issued on behalf of the British Antarctic Territory
- Issue limit: 3,750
- Presented in a special colour pack
- Also available as Proof Fine Silver with Goldclad
The Antarctic Treaty is recognised as one of the most successful international agreements, setting an example of peaceful cooperation. 2021 marks the 30th Anniversary of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty which provides for the comprehensive protection of the Antarctic environment. Pobjoy Mint has released this beautiful new £1 coin on behalf of the British Antarctic Territory which is the second in the series to commemorate this anniversary.
The coin features a group of Emperor Penguins with their chicks. The penguin is recognised as one of the prominent symbols of Antarctica and actually appears on the British Antarctic Territory’s Coat of Arms. The largest of all penguins, it is very rare to find an Emperor penguin living outside of Antarctica and therefore a perfect choice for this stunning new £1 coin. The obverse of the coin features an effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II produced exclusively by Pobjoy Mint.
The Protocol was signed in Madrid on 4th October 1991 and entered into force in 1998. It designates Antarctica as a ‘natural reserve, devoted to peace and science’. Article 3 of the Environmental Protocol sets out basic principles applicable to human activities in Antarctica and Article 7 prohibits all activities relating to Antarctic mineral resources, except for scientific purposes. Protection of native flora and fauna has been a concern for the Consultative Parties to the Antarctic Treaty since the beginning.
Article 3.2 of the Environmental Protocol provides that activities to be undertaken in Antarctica shall be planned and conducted as to avoid ‘detrimental changes in the distribution, abundance or productivity of species or population of species of fauna & flora’ and ‘further jeopardy to endangered or threatened species or populations of such species’. Annex II to the Protocol sets out specific measures to give effect to this and provides several different mechanisms to protect Antarctic species including: the prohibition of taking (removing) and of harmful interference, except in accordance with a permit; restrictions on the introduction of non-native species, except in accordance with a permit; and the designation of Specially Protected Species.
|Government||British Antarctic Territory|
|Coin Metal||Mixed Metal Coins|
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